OWASP API Top Ten 2019 Report

The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) API Top 10 2019 is a list of top security concerns specific to web Application Programming Interface (API) security.

  • APIs are a critical part of modern mobile, Software as a Service (SaaS), and web applications and expose application logic and sensitive data, so APIs have become a target for attackers.
  • While general web application security best practices also apply to APIs, the OWASP API Security project has prepared a list of top 10 security concerns specific to web API security.
  • Thanks to Acunetix 360's OWASP Top Ten API Report, you can identify the common weaknesses, which can be present in your web application, exploited by malicious attackers.

Warning

There can be other vulnerabilities and security issues found in your web applications but not listed in the OWASP API Top Ten Report. For the comprehensive security report, generate the Detailed Scan Report.

Information

Click to view a sample OWASP API Top Ten Report.

For further information, see Overview of Reports, Report Templates, and Built-In Reports.

OWASP Top Ten 2017 Report Sections

There are four sections in the OWASP API Top Ten Report:

  • Scan Metadata
  • Vulnerabilities
  • Vulnerability Names and Details
  • Show/Hide Scan Details

Scan Metadata

This section provides details on the following items:

  • Scan Target
  • Scan Time
  • Scan Duration
  • Description
  • Total Requests
  • Average Speed
  • Risk Level

Vulnerabilities

This provides a numerical and graphical overview of:

  • Numbers                        The numbers of issues detected at various Vulnerability Severity Levels
  • Identified Vulnerabilities        The total number of detected vulnerabilities
  • Confirmed Vulnerabilities        The total number of vulnerabilities that Acunetix 360 verified by taking extra steps such as extracting some data from the target

Vulnerability Summary

This section provides a summary of information about each discovered vulnerable URL and categorizes them based on severity. For example, if Acunetix 360 determines a vulnerability as Critical, it requires immediate attention.

If you click on an identified vulnerability, you access detailed information, such as HTTP request and response codes and body, about the vulnerability and, if any, Proof of Exploit. If Acunetix 360 finds a vulnerability but has no proof of exploit, Acunetix 360 presents a certainty degree about this issue.

This table lists and explains the columns in the Vulnerability Summary.

Column

Description

CONFIRM

This shows whether Acunetix 360 has verified a vulnerability.

VULNERABILITY

This displays the name of the issue and provides a link to a detected issue that attackers can exploit.

METHOD

This is the HTTP method of the request in which Acunetix 360 sent the payload. It demonstrates what Acunetix 360 deployed in order to identify an issue.

URL

This is a reference to a resource that contains the issue.

SEVERITY

This is the vulnerability severity level of the issue.

For further information, see Vulnerability Severity Levels.

Vulnerability Names and Details

This section describes all identified issues and vulnerabilities, along with their Impact and Proof of Exploit. It also explains what Actions to Take and a Remedy for each one, including External References for more information.

This table lists and explains the headings in the Vulnerability Names and Details section.

Headings

Description

Name

This is the name of the identified issue.

Tag

This is the label to group, organize, and filter issues in the target web application.

Proof of Exploit

This is a piece of evidence supplied to prove that the vulnerability exists, showing information that is extracted from the target using the vulnerability.

For further information, see Proof of Exploit.

Vulnerability Details

This displays further details about the vulnerability.

Certainty Value

This indicates how much Acunetix 360 is sure about the identified issue.

Impact

This shows the effect of the issue or vulnerability on the Target URL.

Required Skills for Successful Exploitation

This gives details on how malicious hackers could exploit this issue.

Actions to Take

These are the immediate steps you can take to decrease the impact or prevent exploitation.

Remedy

This offers further steps to resolve the identified issue.

External references

This provides links to other websites where you can find more information.

Classification

OWASP API Top Ten 2019: This provides further information about this vulnerability according to the 2019 Edition of the Open Web Application API Security Project (OWASP) Top 10 list.
CVSS 3.0: This shows the severity score of vulnerability based on the 3.0 edition of the Common Vulnerability Scoring System. CVSS 3.1: This shows the severity score of vulnerability based on the 3.1 edition of the Common Vulnerability Scoring System.

Remedy References

This provides further information on the solution for identified issues.

Proof of Concept Notes

These notes demonstrate in principle how a system may be compromised.

Request

This is the whole HTTP request that Acunetix 360 sent in order to detect the issue.

Response

This is the reply from the system against the payload.

Show/Hide Scan Details

This section provides some profile and policy settings that Acunetix 360 uses to adjust its scanning to reach more coverage. For example, it lists all enabled security checks.

It provides information on your preference in selecting this scan so that developers have more details on how this scan was run.

For further information, see Security Checks.

How to Generate an OWASP Top Ten 2017 Report in Acunetix 360
  1. Log in to Acunetix 360.
  2. From the main menu, select Scans > Recent Scans.

  1. Next to the relevant report, select Report.

  1. On the Scan Summary page, select Export.
  1. From the Report drop-down, select OWASP API Top Ten 2019.

  1. From the Format drop-down, select an option.
  2. If required, select one of the following to configure your report:
  • Exclude Addressed Issues excludes those issues on which you've already taken action. (All Information level findings are marked as Accepted Risk automatically by default. To change this behavior, see Do not mark Information issues as accepted risks in General Settings).
  • Export Confirmed includes only those issues that are confirmed.
  • Export Unconfirmed includes only those issues that are unconfirmed.
  1. Select Export. You can view the report in the Save location.


 
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