There is a vulnerability in the 'implicit render' functionality in Ruby on Rails. This vulnerability has been assigned the CVE identifier CVE-2014-0130. The implicit render functionality allows controllers to render a template, even if there is no explicit action with the corresponding name. This module does not perform adequate input sanitization which could allow an attacker to use a specially crafted request to retrieve arbitrary files from the rails application server.
In order to be vulnerable an application must specifically use globbing routes in combination with the :action parameter. The purpose of the route globbing feature is to allow parameters to contain characters which would otherwise be regarded as separators, for example '/' and '.'. As these characters have semantic meaning within template filenames, it is highly unlikely that applications are deliberately combining these functions.
Apply the patches provided by the vendor or update to the latest version of Rails.